This may be ascribed to God. Verse 6. The text, in referring to evil, does not mean natural evil, such as blindness, disease, and death; nor moral evil, or the contrariety of men’s actions. Distinguish the agency of Jehovah from that of idols. And why of that? When Adam sinned, he found this excuse for himself, to lay the fault upon God (Genesis 3:12). Their violation is a transgression, but the moment man becomes aware that evil follows on their violation, it is not only a transgression but a sin. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. "Will a lion roar in the forest, when he hath no prey? It becomes us to acknowledge that all the calamities we feel or fear are most just. In minute circumstances man contrives, and God disposes. Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and the people not be afraid? Go to. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/amos-3.html. Will you therefore escape? 4. The man of lusts sins against his own body. Does disaster come to a city, unless the LORD has done it?" https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/amos-3.html. It is a very natural thing to fear approaching danger. Yet you can hear these terrible truths without consternation! but this may be interpreted of the evil of affliction or judgment; which, wherever it comes, is by the order and appointment of God, and is inflicted by him; thus evil, as well as good, comes out of the mouth and hand of the most High; and he creates the evil of adversity, as well as makes peace and prosperity; see Job 2:10. Amos 1:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Amos 1:2, NIV: "He said: 'The LORD roars from Zion and thunders from Jerusalem; the pastures of the shepherds dry up, and the top of Carmel withers.'" The consequence of this will be that good will be enjoyed and self will be honoured; or if, perchance, nature, or the God of nature, be acknowledged, yet the secondary cause will be their own skill, or industry, or application, or some other such cause that still leaves God out of His temple and sets up humanity. Observe how Ezekiel (Ezekiel 9:4-6) describes the Lord’s people. Or the danger may be from within; the trumpet-blast of some conspiracy. (Isaiah 45:7). So, by the instrumentality of Jehu, he destroyed the whole house of Ahab, when Jehu himself desired nothing but to advance his own glory [Note: 1 Kings 21:19-24. with 2 Kings 10:10-11.]. But from that extremity of woe, time, the restorer of all things, raises up the fallen city. There is not a portion of the land which is not suffering from these sins--the neglect of the education of the people and Sabbath-breaking. But “his counsel shall stand; and he will do all his will [Note: Isaiah 46:10. The next two ( Amos 3:4), however, concerned the overpowering of one animal by another, and the two after that ( Amos 3:5) pictured man as the vanquisher of animal prey. Yet Israel is not alarmed though God threatens judgments. Divine agency may be regarded in contradistinction to an exclusive attention to second causes. In this all the twelve … In addition to individual character, and the other obvious relations in life men have to sustain, God regards them in their collective capacity, and visits them with national judgments. Here he reprehends, as I have said, the torpidity of the people, to whom all threatening were a sport: “When a trumpet sounds,” he says, “all tremble; for it is a signal of danger. Things that are evil in some way God wills. Amos 3:7 Surely the Lord GOD will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets. Shall there be evil in a city, and the Lord hath not done it? Hebrews 12:6. Let us now consider the words of the text in their genuine and natural sense, namely, that there is no evil, no calamity or misery in a city or country which God is not the author of. This is to be attributed to our national sin; for God in His mercy is able to take away all these disunions, and He will remedy all these evils the moment He has taught us, rich and poor, to repent of our individual sins and turn to the living God. The evil of sin, or moral evil, is from ourselves; it is our own doing; but the evil of trouble and suffering for sin, individual and national, is from God, is His doing, whatever be the immediate instruments by which He chooses to inflict it. ], 2. It is too customary to overlook the hand of God in these things, and to confine our attention to second causes. Although God doth it not but only as it is bonum iustitim, good in order to his glory. They are all the effect of God’s overruling providence, without whose knowledge and appointment not one hair falls from your head. The truth is, chance is a mere term of human ignorance. Shall a trumpet be blown in the city Meaning not any trumpet blown, as the silver trumpet for the gathering of the people to worship, or the jubilee trumpet, which proclaimed liberty to them, or any other, expressive of joy and gladness; but the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war, or what is blown by the watchmen on the walls, descrying an enemy, or some danger, near: and the people not be afraid? But we have no real knowledge of how it originates, of the cause of its curious periodicity, of the means whereby it is propagated. As individuals, have we listened to the warning trumpet? Vv 7,8 draw the conclusion. We call it, theologically, not religiously, a judgment of God, and we use the term with a supernatural meaning attached to it. By the instrumentality of second causes—, [David was informed, that, notwithstanding his heinous sin was forgiven, it should yet be visited in this world with evils in his own family, which should embitter all his remaining days. That which the prophet has to say to them is to let them know that the Lord has something to … "Commentary on Amos 3:6". All this, though the usual consequence of the order of nature, is properly ascribed to God as the author of it. In direct opposition to all the means that are used to obstruct his will—, [He will confound all the Jews by the resurrection of his dear Son. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Others doubted the certainty of those evils denounced, Amos 6:3, against whom he here disputeth by these foregoing similitudes; and in the next words plainly asserteth the Divine providence, and the authority of the prophets, God’s privy councillors. Chapter 3. The second sense of evil is to be found in the text. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. . 3. In the final two examples ( Amos 3:6), people themselves were overwhelmed, first by other human instruments, then by God Himself. Inquiry into the design of God in the trial sent us—, [“Trouble springs not out of the dust [Note: Job 5:6. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/amos-3.html. Man is free to act, God directs the blow. "Commentary on Amos 3:6". shophar. The improvement to be made from this subject is--. It is the object of God, by bringing calamity on us, to make us think of Him. As surely as the roaring of a lion betokens that he has seized his prey; or the capture of a bird that the snare had been set for him; or the blowing of a trumpet the approach of danger; so surely should the evils coming on his disobedient people mark the indignation of God against them: “Shall there be evil in the city, and the Lord hath not done it?”. Be much engaged in prayer. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Nations are morally responsible as such. Shall a trumpet be blown] sc. III. shall sin be committed in a city, all sorts of sin, in the most bold and extravagant manner, and will not the Lord do something to show his resentment of it? BibliographySimeon, Charles. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/amos-3.html. social or domestic life, as well as in those of a more overwhelming nature, habituate ourselves to see the Lord’s hand: and to say, “It is the Lord; let him do what seemeth him good [Note: 1 Samuel 3:18. Case of Pharaoh (Exodus 9:14-16); and Tyre (Isaiah 23:9-11). In Cheshire, years ago, some new plants, quite unknown beforehand in the country, sprang up beside the canals by Which the salt was carried and in the pools around the salt works. "Commentary on Amos 3:6". ), I. Amos 3:6. Audio Bible Study – Amos 3:6-10. But of what evil? https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/amos-3.html. Receive the hand of God upon you for good. Closing period of David’s life. All second causes are under the unceasing and sovereign control of the First. A quarrelsome temper brings a man continually into broils and dangers. Methinks, I have spoken enough for the confirmation of this truth; and may proceed, II. And the Lord hath not done it?] Illustrate by cases of Flood, Sodom, Korah, Sennacherib, Belshazzar, Jerusalem, Babylon, etc. Then if the Lord hath at this time drawn a sword against us, let us also proclaim war against the sins which caused them; always remembering that as there is no evil in a city but from the Lord, so there is no deliverance but from Him also. It is simply because the population are not educated in the knowledge of God, not educated in the principles of morality. God has declared the responsibility of a people. In accounting for our calamities we are in imminent danger of this kind of atheism. Not a calamity can befall a city, not a trouble light upon an individual, without the hand of God permitting and directing it. [By political evil, I mean such as arises, whether to nations or individuals, in the common course of human events. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". Do all in your power to spread the knowledge of God’s will. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/amos-3.html. It is almost too strange to think that the spirit of the inquisitors who condemned Galileo has not yet died out. Have we sought to understand God’s dealing with us in the difficulties, the disappointments, the losses, the sorrows, the afflictions, the bereavements of life? will he not visit for these things, and be avenged on such a city, and the inhabitants of it? So now it was not you that sent me hither, but God [Note: Acts 7:9. with Genesis 45:5-8. God exercises a constant and minute superintendence over men. Because, in these proceedings, the Almighty is forced to break through the harmony and goodness which Him self saw in His own creation, He never makes use of them but upon great and pressing occasions, when sinners become daring and impudent, and defy God and His providence. We cannot suppose that He is changeable, and capricious, and unjust, and cruel; that He inflicts willingly, that He has pleasure in the miseries of mankind. Others may have been the agents in inflicting, the sin was his own. "Commentary on Amos 3:6". Out of his mouth both good and evil proceed. These natural laws, these series of causes and effects are ordered by a Divine intelligence and a moral will. What does this verse really mean? See Lamentations 3:37, Isaiah 45:7, Micah 1:12, Ecclesiastes 7:14, 1 Kings 9:9; 1 Kings 21:29. He who afflicts, corrects, punishes, is also the Redeemer and Restorer. ];” and be well pleased to “suffer with Christ, that we may hereafter dwell with him, and be glorified together [Note: Romans 8:17.].”]. Let us reply to the revilings of a malignant enemy, “The Lord hath bidden him curse me [Note: 2 Samuel 16:10-11. Hence they strove to propitiate him by sacrifice and prayer. That which we are here advertised is that it is not luck and fortune that doth toss and tumble things here below; but that God sits at the stern, and steers the affairs of the world. ]; and that “Herod and Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel that were gathered together against him,” in all that they perpetrated, “did only what God’s hand and God’s counsel had determined before to be done [Note: Acts 4:27-28. People do not tremble at the news of some coming danger unless someone blows a trumpet to warn them. Learn that the existing national evils or calamities, though inflicted by a power which we cannot resist, are not inflicted in ca rice. Augustine, c. Adim. BibliographyExell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Amos 3:6". In the case of a city or a country sinning against God, the connection is often more evident between the sin and the punishment than in the case of individuals. 1832. It is good to read history with a Christian eye. Surely at the commandment of the Lord came this upon Judah, to remove them out of his sight [Note: 2 Kings 24:2-3. 3. Is there evil in the city and the Lord hath not done it? The trumpet of warning must give no uncertain sound. Or, on the other hand, if evil be endured, it will be attributed to any cause but to God. We talk, and pray, and teach, as if it had no natural cause, obeyed no natural laws. Christians should be foremost in all movements for elevating men, or extending the sway of liberty and justice. Nothing can take place without God’s knowledge. ]:” so entirely are men, even when following most freely the dictates of their own minds, unconscious agents of the Deity, to execute his will; “the sword in his hand, and the staff of his indignation [Note: Isaiah 10:5-7. DD. : “Refer not, the prophet would say, the ills which ye suffer and will suffer, to any other causes, as people are accustomed to do. ].” Peradventure there is some sin which God designs to correct; some corruption to mortify; some grace to improve; or, at all events, some important lesson which he intends to teach us more perfectly. Faith’s comfort when regarding affliction as the punishment of sin is that it comes from the Everlasting Love; not from chance or fate, but from the “Father of Mercies,” perfect in wisdom and justice. Men will be compelled to inquire as to whether much physical evil is not the result of a debased moral state, arising from a neglect of God’s Word, God’s laws, God’s worship, God’s day, and God’s love. said they. A Ruler who rules in an orderly manner. Cholera can be diminished, as smallpox has been, by destroying the conditions when it becomes deadly to life. "Commentary on Amos 3:6". Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. The brutes, without understanding of moral good or evil, are incapable of committing moral evil. And the people not be afraid] Or run together to make resistance? "Commentary on Amos 3:6". Shall a trumpet be blown - The sign of alarm and invasion. It is to the same end as the trumpet-blast.